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Ask The Optometrist

What is the difference between short and long sightedness?

Short sightedness, also known as myopia, is a refractive error in which objects nearby are clear, while objects at a distance appear blurry. Conversely, long sightedness or hyperopia, is a condition where distant objects are clear, but nearby objects appear blurry. Presbyopia, on the other hand, is a type of long sightedness that typically occurs in people over the age of 40 and is caused by the natural aging process of the eye.

What are the common risk factors to eye health?

Certain diseases, including diabetes and hypertension, pose a significant risk to eye health. Additionally, age is a factor that should be considered, as the eyes tend to become less efficient, particularly with regards to reading, as one grows older. Consequently, it is highly probable that one may experience eyesight problems. Furthermore, traumatic injuries to the eyes can also increase the likelihood of developing eye health issues.

What is the difference between an Optometrist and an Ophthalmologist?

An Ophthalmologist is an eye doctor. They study medicine first, then specialize in eye health. Ophthalmologists examine your eyes to identify diseases and other conditions like squint, glaucoma or cateracts. They can operate on eyes, recommend refraction with an Optometrist or prescribe medicine. An Optometrist is a vision specialist. They also examine the outer part of the eye and the back of the eye and will advise you on whether you need spectacles and the best type for you. The eye test also can reveal whether you have underlying conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes or infections that require medication. In most Med-Optics practices you will meet an Optometrist. In hospital practice like Lubaga Eye Department, you will have access to the Ophthalmologist. If the eye examination shows that you need further investigation, you will be referred to an Ophthalmologist.

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